Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Azad Jammu and Kashmir

Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Azad Jammu and Kashmir lies between longitude 730-750 and latitude of 33o-36o and comprises of an area of 5134 Square Miles (13297 Square Kilometers).
The topography of the area consists mainly hilly and mountainous with valleys and stretches of plains. Azad Kashmir is bestowed with natural beauty with thick forests, fast flowing rivers and winding streams, main rivers are Jehlum, Neelum and Poonch. The climate is sub-tropical highland type having an average yearly rainfall of 1300 mm. The elevation from sea level of the area ranges from 360 meters in the south to 6325 meters in the north. The snow line in winter is around 1200 meters above sea level, while in summer it rises to 3300 meters.
According to the 1998 population census the state of Azad Jammu & Kashmir had a population of about 2.973 million, which is estimated to have grown to 3.772 million in 2008. Almost 100% population comprises of Muslims. The Rural/ urban population ratio is 88:12. The population density is about 284 persons per Sq. Km. Literacy rate which was 55% in 1998 census has now risen to about 64%. Approximately the infant mortality rate is about 56 per 1000 live births, whereas the immunization rate for the children under 5 years of age is more than 95%.
    The majority of the rural population depends on forestry, livestock, agriculture and non formal employment to eke out its subsistence. Average per capita income has been estimated to be about 1085 US$*. Unemployment ranges from about 6.0 to 6.5%. In line with the National trends, indicators of social sector particularly health and population have not shown too much proficiency. Efforts have been made during the recent past to make up this deficiency so that the fruits of development can be brought to the door steps of a common men.

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